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Confirmation process

Begins when the President nominates an individual to an executive or judicial branch position requiring Senate confirmation. Nominations are referred to the committee of jurisdiction - for example, judicial nominations to the Judiciary Committee or diplomatic nominations to the Foreign Relations Committee - which then holds hearings, considers, and reports or rejects them. If reported, the nominations are placed on the calendar and considered by the Senate at a time of the leadership's choosing.

If the Senate approves them (i.e., gives its "advice and consent"), the nominations are said to be confirmed. Policy and political considerations affect the timing of Senate consideration of nominations.

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